Author: Salovey, P.

The effects of social influence on perceptual and affective reactions to scenes of sexual violence

(2002)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/effects-social-influence-perceptual-affective-reactions-scenes-sexual-violence/

The study examined the effect of social influence ( discussion and modeling) on men’s and women’s perceptual and affective reaction to a sexually violent film scene.

Apanovitch, A. M., Hobfoll, S. E., & Salovey, P. (2002). The effects of social influence on perceptual and affective reactions to scenes of sexual violence. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 443-464. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb00224.x

Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement?

(2002)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/sex-differences-jealousy-evolutionary-mechanism-artifact-measurement/

Two studies are presented that challenge the evidentiary basis for the existence of evolved sex differences in jealousy. The results show that a sex difference in jealousy resulting from sexual versus emotional infidelity is observed only when judgments are recorded using a forced-choice response format.

DeSteno, D., Bartlett, M. Y., & Salovey, P. (2002). Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1103-1116. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.83.5.1103

A second-generation psychology of emotion

(2002)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/second-generation-psychology-emotion/

In this commentary, the authors discuss emotional intelligence and the affect infusion model (Forgas, 1995) as indicators of the current state of theorizing in the field of emotion, and argue that the strength of these models goes beyond their positive contributions to the understanding of emotion.

Detweiler-Bedell, B., & Salovey, P.(2002). A second-generation psychology of emotion. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 45-48.

Evolution and the green-eyed monster: Why men and women are from the same planet after all

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/evolution-and-the-green-eyed-monster-why-men-and-women-are-from-the-same-planet-after-all/

Jealousy differences in sex.

Evolution and the green-eyed monster: Why men and women are from the same planet after all. DeSteno, D., Salovey, P. (2003).  Emotion Researcher,17, 5-6.

Matching health messages to information-processing styles: Need for cognition and mammography utilization

(2003)
Center Authors: Schneider, T. R., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/matching-health-messages-to-information-processing-styles-need-for-cognition-and-mammography-utilization/

This experiment examined the impact of tailoring persuasive health communications to one aspect of individuals’ information-processing styles, that of the need for cognition (NFC), the enjoyment of thinking deeply about issues.  Messages matched to an individual’s NFC were better at motivating mammography 6 months  later among high-NFC women.

Williams-Piehota, P., Schneider, T. R., Pizarro, J., Mowad, L., & Salovey, P. (2003). Matching health messages to information-processing styles: Need for cognition and mammography utilization. Health Communication, 15, 375-392. doi:10.1207/S15327027HC1504_01.

Striving for happiness or fleeing from sadness? Motivating mood repair using differentially framed messages

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/striving-for-happiness-or-fleeing-from-sadness-motivating-mood-repair-using-differentially-framed-messages/

Recipients of cognitive therapy for depression often have difficulty adhering to treatment recommendations. We hypothesize that individuals may be sensitive to the difference between avoidance-framed (“escape negative moods”) and approach-framed (“achieve positive moods”) messages advocating suggested mood repair strategies.

Detweiler-Bedell, J. B., & Salovey, P. (2003). Striving for happiness or fleeing from sadness? Motivating mood repair using differentially framed messages. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 22, 627-664.

Using message framing to motivate HIV testing among low-income, ethnic minority women

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/using-message-framing-to-motivate-hiv-testing-among-low-income-ethnic-minority-women/

This study compared the effectiveness of 4 videotaped educational programs designed to motivate HIV testing among low-income, ethnic minority women.  Among participants who reported being certain of the test’s outcome, those who saw a gain-framed video reported a higher rate of testing than those who saw a loss-framed message.

Apanovitch, A. M., McCarthy, D., & Salovey, P. (2003). Using message framing to motivate HIV testing among low-income, ethnic minority women. HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY-HILLSDALE-, 22, 60-67. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.22.1.60

Need for cognition moderates responses to framed smoking-cessation messages

(2003)
Center Authors: Steward, W. T., Schneider, T. R., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/need-for-cognition-moderates-responses-to-framed-smoking-cessation-messages/

In this study, smokers at public events read brochures containing brief gain- or loss-framed smoking-cessation messages. Individuals lower in need for cognition had greater intention to quit after reading a gain-framed message than after reading a loss-framed message—a finding consistent with our predictions—whereas framing did not affect the persuasiveness of messages among people higher in NFC.

Steward, W. T., Schneider, T. R., Pizarro, J., & Salovey, P. (2003). Need for Cognition Moderates Responses to Framed Smoking‐Cessation Messages. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(12), 2439-2464.

An overview: Introductory chapter

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/overview-introductory-chapter/

Overview of goals that shape behavioral choices.

Salovey, P., & Rothman, A. J. (2003). An overview: Introductory chapter. In P. Salovey & A. J. Rothman (Eds.), Social psychology of health: Key readings in social psychology. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.

Measuring emotional intelligence with the MSCEIT V2.0

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/measuring-emotional-intelligence-msceit-v2-0/

Using the Mayer–Salovey–Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, the authors examined (a) whether members of a general standardization sample and emotions experts identified the same test answers as correct, (b) the test’s reliability, and (c) the possible factor structures of EI. The MSCEIT achieved reasonable reliability, and confirmatory factor analysis supported theoretical models of EI.

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R., & Sitarenios, G. (2003). Measuring emotional intelligence with the MSCEIT V2. 0. Emotion, 3, 97-105. doi: 10.1037/1528-3542.3.1.97