Author: Salovey, P.

A second-generation psychology of emotion

(2002)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/second-generation-psychology-emotion/

In this commentary, the authors discuss emotional intelligence and the affect infusion model (Forgas, 1995) as indicators of the current state of theorizing in the field of emotion, and argue that the strength of these models goes beyond their positive contributions to the understanding of emotion.

Detweiler-Bedell, B., & Salovey, P.(2002). A second-generation psychology of emotion. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 45-48.

Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement?

(2002)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/sex-differences-jealousy-evolutionary-mechanism-artifact-measurement/

Two studies are presented that challenge the evidentiary basis for the existence of evolved sex differences in jealousy. The results show that a sex difference in jealousy resulting from sexual versus emotional infidelity is observed only when judgments are recorded using a forced-choice response format.

DeSteno, D., Bartlett, M. Y., & Salovey, P. (2002). Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1103-1116. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.83.5.1103

The effects of social influence on perceptual and affective reactions to scenes of sexual violence

(2002)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/effects-social-influence-perceptual-affective-reactions-scenes-sexual-violence/

The study examined the effect of social influence ( discussion and modeling) on men’s and women’s perceptual and affective reaction to a sexually violent film scene.

Apanovitch, A. M., Hobfoll, S. E., & Salovey, P. (2002). The effects of social influence on perceptual and affective reactions to scenes of sexual violence. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 443-464. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb00224.x

Emotional intelligence and physical health

(2004)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/emotional-intelligence-physical-health/

This chapter focuses on one set of individual differences relevant to emotion – emotional intelligence – and present some preliminary evidence for connections between it and health-relevant outcomes.

Woolery, A., & Salovey, P. (2004). Emotional intelligence and physical health. In I. Nyklicek, L. Temoshok & A. J. J. M. Vingerhoets (Eds.), Emotional expression and health: Advances in theory, assessment and clinical applications (Vol. 6, pp. 154-168). New York: Harwood Academic Publishers.

Emotional intelligence: What do we know?

(2004)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/emotional-intelligence-know/

This chapter describes recent advances in the scientific study of EI, setting the idea of EI in a historical context, including the research of the measurement of EI, especially as a set of abilities rather than as self-reported personality traits.

Salovey, P., Kokkonen, M., Lopes, P. N., & Mayer, J.D. (2004). Emotional intelligence: What do we know? In A. S. R. Manstead, N. H. Frijda & A. H. Fischer (Eds.), Feelings and emotions: The Amsterdam Symposium (pp. 319-338). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Methodological challenges and scientific rewards for social psychologists conducting health behavior research

(2004)
Center Authors: Salovey, P., Steward, W. T.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/methodological-challenges-scientific-rewards-social-psychologists-conducting-health-behavior-research/

The focus of this chapter is on the challenges of connecting social psychological theory and research to important health outcomes in ecologically complex settings.

Salovey, P., & Steward, W. T. (2004). Methodological challenges and scientific rewards for social psychologists conducting health behavior research. In C. Sansone, C. C. Morf & A. T. Panter (Eds.), The Sage handbook of methods in social psychology (pp. 443-456). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Using computer technologies to provide relevant cancer information to vulnerable populations: The NCI Digital Divide pilot projects

(2004)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/using-computer-technologies-provide-relevant-cancer-information-vulnerable-populations-nci-digital-divide-pilot-projects/

This paper reported the results of the four innovative demonstration research projects conducted in collaboration with the Cancer Information Service to identify effective new strategies for providing access to relevant cancer information to underserved population.

Kreps, G. L., Gustafson, D. H., Salovey, P., Perocchia, R. S., Wilbright, W., Bright, M. A…., Diamond, C. C. (2004). Using computer technologies to provide relevant cancer information to vulnerable populations: The NCI Digital Divide pilot projects. In P. Whitten & D. Cook (Eds.), Understanding health communication technologies (pp. 328-336). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Integrating emotion and cognition: The role of emotional intelligence

(2004)
Center Authors: Brackett, M. A., Lopes, P., Ivcevic, Z., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/integrating-emotion-cognition-role-emotional-intelligence/

In this chapter, the authors argue that emotional intelligence is one way to reconceptualize the relation between reason and emotion, and review emotional intelligence from a systems perspective, i.e. in a broader context of an individual’s functioning.

Brackett, M. A., Lopes, P., Ivcevic, Z., Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (2004). Integrating emotion and cognition: The role of emotional intelligence. In D. Dai & R. Sternburg (Eds.), Motivation, emotion, and cognition: Integrating perspectives on intellectual functioning (pp. 175-194). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Matching health messages to health locus of control beliefs for promoting mammography utilization

(2004)
Center Authors: Schneider, T. R., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/matching-health-messages-health-locus-control-beliefs-promoting-mammography-utilization/

This field experiment examined the persuasiveness of matching health messages to individuals’ health locus of control beliefs in an effort to promote screening mammography. Women who received information consistent with their health locus of control beliefs generally were more likely to obtain a mammogram 6 and 12 months after the intervention than women who received information that was not consistent with their health locus of control orientation.

Williams-Piehota, P., Schneider, T. R., Pizarro, J., Mowad, L., & Salovey, P. (2004). Matching health messages to health locus of control beliefs for promoting mammography utilization. Psychology and Health, 19, 407-423. doi:10.1080/08870440310001652678

Casting health messages in terms of responsibility for dietary change: Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption

(2004)
Center Authors: Elbertson, N. A., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/casting-health-messages-terms-responsibility-dietary-change-increasing-fruit-vegetable-consumption/

This study compared the effectiveness of messages emphasizing the importance of either personal or social responsibility for dietary behavior change in increasing fruit and vegetable intake. As a result, both types of messages as part of this minimal intervention increased intake substantially.

Williams-Piehota, P., Cox, A., Silvera, S. N., Mowad, L., Garcia, S., Elbertson, N. A., & Salovey. P (2004). Casting health messages in terms of responsibility for dietary change: Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 36, 114-120. doi:10.1016/S1499-4046(06)60146-2.

A social comparison account of gossip

(2004)
Center Authors: Wert, S. R., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/social-comparison-account-gossip/

The central thesis of this article is that all gossip involves social comparison. The authors address why gossip tends to be negative, make predictions about factors that trigger especially negative talk about others, and consider the morality of gossip.

Wert, S.R., & Salovey, P. (2004). A social comparison account of gossip. Review of General Psychology, 8, 122-137. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.8.2.122

Introduction to the special issue of gossip

(2004)
Center Authors: Wert, S. R., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/introduction-special-issue-gossip/

This is an introduction to the special issue of Review of General Psychology on the issues of gossip. The authors note that gossips matters to all things social, yet social scientists have been slow to pursue the issues of gossip: the definition, reasons and consequences of it.

Wert, S. R. & Salovey, P. (2004). Introduction to the special issue of gossip. Review of General Psychology, 8, 76-77. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.8.2.76

Field experiments in social psychology: Message framing and the promotion of health protective behaviors

(2004)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/field-experiments-social-psychology-message-framing-promotion-health-protective-behaviors/

In this article, the authors present the case for field experimentation in social psychology primarily by describing a program of research concerned with psychological aspects of health communication and persuasion. In particular, the authors are most interested in when and for whom are messages emphasizing the benefits of a health behavior (these are called gain- framed messages) more persuasive and motivating than messages emphasizing the costs of not engaging in a behavior (these are called loss-framed messages), and vice-versa.

Salovey, P., & Williams-Piehota, P. (2004). Field experiments in social psychology: Message framing and the promotion of health protective behaviors. American Behavioral Scientist, 47, 488-505. doi:10.1177/0002764203259293

Recognition of emotion in musical performance is an aspect of emotional intelligence

(2004)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/recognition-emotion-musical-performance-aspect-emotional-intelligence/

In this study, emotional intelligence and emotion recognition in the music task were significantly correlated, which suggests that identification of emotion in music performance draws on some of the same sensibilities that make up everyday emotional intelligence.

Resnicow, J.E., Salovey, P., Repp, B.H. (2004). Recognition of emotion in musical performance is an aspect of emotional intelligence. Music Perception, 22, 145-158. doi:10.1525/mp.2004.22.1.145

How to word effective messages about smoking and oral health: Emphasize the benefits of quitting

(2004)
Center Authors: Steward, W. T., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/word-effective-messages-smoking-oral-health-emphasize-benefits-quitting/

This project examined whether smokers differentially responded to messages about oral health that emphasized either the benefits of quitting smoking (gain-framed) or the risks of continued smoking (loss-framed). The study found that smokers are more receptive to the information that emphasizes the benefits of quitting.

McKee, S.A., O’Malley, S., Steward, W.T., Neveu, S., Land, M., & Salovey, P.(2004). How to word effective messages about smoking and oral health: Emphasize the benefits of quitting. Journal of Dental Education, 68, 569-573.