Topic: Emotional Intelligence

Introduction: Emotion and social processes

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.
Topics: ,
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/introduction-emotion-social-processes/

Emotions themselves are social processes and arise, in part, through interactions or anticipated interactions with others.

Salovey, P. (2003). Introduction: Emotion and social processes. In R. J. Davidson, K. R. Scherer & H. H. Goldsmith (Eds.), Handbook of affective sciences (pp. 747-751). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Measuring emotional intelligence as a set of abilities with the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R.
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/measuring-emotional-intelligence-set-abilities-mayer-salovey-caruso-emotional-intelligence-test/

The authors describe two batteries they have developed to assess emotional intelligence, both organized in accord with the four-branch model: the Multifactor Emotional Intelligence scale and the Mayer-Salovey-Caurso Emotional Intelligence Test.

Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D., & Lopes, P. N. (2003). Measuring emotional intelligence as a set of abilities with the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test. In S. J. Lopes & C. R. Snyder (Eds.), Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures (pp. 251-265). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Epilogue: Educating people to be emotionally and socially intelligent

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.
Topics: ,
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/epilogue-educating-people-emotionally-socially-intelligent/

Educating people to be emotionally and socially intelligent.

Salovey, P. (2003). Epilogue: Educating people to be emotionally and socially intelligent. Perspectives in Education, 21, 95-97.

Convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of competing measures of emotional intelligence

(2003)
Center Authors: Brackett, M. A.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/convergent-discriminant-incremental-validity-competing-measures-emotional-intelligence/

This study investigated the convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of one ability test of emotional intelligence (EI)—the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT)—and two self-report measures of EI—the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) and the self-report EI test (SREIT).

Brackett, M. A., & Mayer, J. D. (2003). Convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of competing measures of emotional intelligence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 1147-1158. doi: 10.1177/0146167203254596

Emotional intelligence

(2003)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/emotional-intelligence-2/

Emotional intelligence measures and findings.

Salovey, P., & Lopes, P. N. (2003). Emotional Intelligence. In J. W. Guthrie (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Education, 2nd ed. (pp. 1191-1194). New York: Macmillan Reference USA.

Emotional intelligence and relationship quality among couples

(2005)
Center Authors: Brackett, M. A.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/emotional-intelligence-and-relationship-quality-among-couples/

To assess whether emotional intelligence (EI) is related to self-assessed relationship quality, an ability test of EI and measures of relationship quality were administered to 86 heterosexual couples in a university setting.  Couples with both partners low on EI tended to have the lowest scores on depth, support, and positive relationship quality and the highest scores on conflict and negative relationship quality; couples with both partners high on EI did not consistently have higher scores on positive outcomes and lower scores on negative outcomes than couples with one high-EI partner.

Brackett, M. A., Warner, R. M., & Bosco, J. S. (2005). Emotional intelligence and relationship quality among couples. Personal Relationships, 12, 197-212.

A discrepancy in analyses of the MSCEIT: Resolving the mystery and understanding its implications

(2005)
Center Authors: Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/a-discrepancy-in-analyses-of-the-msceit-resolving-the-mystery-and-understanding-its-implications/

G. E. Gignac (2005) reanalyzed the factor structure of the MSCEIT and found results that differed from those the authors obtained initially. The authors tracked down the surprising sources of those discrepancies. G. E. Gignac’s hierarchical model of emotional intelligence appears promising, and the authors anticipate that further investigations of the MSCEIT factor structure may yield additional information.

Mayer, J. D., Panter, A. T., Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R., & Sitarenios, G. (2005). A discrepancy in analyses of the MSCEIT—resolving the mystery and understanding its implications: A reply to Gignac (2005). Emotion, 5, 236-237. doi: 10.1037/1528-3542.5.2.236

The science of emotional intelligence

(2005)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/the-science-of-emotional-intelligence/

This article provides an overview of current research on emotional intelligence. Although it has been defined in many ways, we focus on the four-branch model by Mayer and Salovey (1997), which characterizes emotional intelligence as a set of four related abilities: perceiving, using, understanding, and managing emotions. The theory provides a useful framework for studying individual differences in abilities related to processing emotional information.

Salovey, P., & Grewal, D. (2005). The science of emotional intelligence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14(6), 281-285. doi: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2005.00381.x.

Emotion regulation abilities and the quality of social interaction

(2005)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/emotion-regulation-abilities-and-the-quality-of-social-interaction/

Emotion regulation abilities, measured on a test of emotional intelligence, were related to several indicators of the quality of individuals’ social interactions with peers.These relationships remained statistically significant after controlling for the Big Five personality traits as well as verbal and fluid intelligence.

Lopes, P. N., Salovey, P., Côté, S., Beers, M., & Petty, R. E. (2005). Emotion regulation abilities and the quality of social interaction. Emotion, 5, 113-118.

Cultural influences on the relation between perceived emotional intelligence and depression

(2005)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/cultural-influences-on-the-relation-between-perceived-emotional-intelligence-and-depression/

The study examined the hypothesis that cultural factors influence the relation between Perceived Emotional Intelligence (PEI) and depression. The results indicate that the effect of PEI on depression is moderated to some degree by culture.

Fernández-Berrocal, P., Salovey, P., Vera, A., Extremera, N., & Ramos, N. (2005). Cultural influences on the relation between perceived emotional intelligence and depression. International Review of Social Psychology, 18, 91-107.

Feeling Smart: The science of emotional intelligence

(2005)
Center Authors: Salovey, P.
Topics: ,
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/feeling-smart-the-science-of-emotional-intelligence/

A new idea in psychology has matured and shows promise of explaining how attending to emotions can help us in everyday life.

Salovey, P., & Grewal, D. (2005). The science of emotional intelligence. Current directions in psychological science, 14, 281-285. doi: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2005.00381.x

Creating an emotionally intelligent school district: A skill based approach

(2007)
Center Authors: Brackett, M. A.
Topics: ,
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/creating-an-emotionally-intelligent-school-district-a-skill-based-approach/

In this chapter we describe a model developed to address needs related to district-wide implementation of SEL programs.

Brackett, M. A., Alster, B., Wolfe, C. J., Katulak, N., & Fale, E. (2007). Creating an emotionally intelligent school district: A skill–based approach. In R. Bar-On, J. G. Maree, & M. J. Elias (Eds.), Educating people to be emotionally intelligent (pp. 123-137). ABC-Clio, LLC.

Measuring emotional intelligence as a set of mental abilities

(2007)
Center Authors: Rivers, S. E., Brackett, M. A., Salovey, P.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/measuring-emotional-intelligence-as-a-set-of-mental-abilities/

In this chapter, we argue that EI is best described as a set of abilities and therefore best measured by ability-based assessments. Throughout the chapter, we discuss strengths and limitations in both El theory and measurement as well as identify areas for future research.

Rivers, S. E., Brackett, M. A., Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (2007). Measuring emotional intelligence as a set of mental abilities. In G. Matthews, M. Zeidner, & R. D. Roberts (Eds.), The science of emotional intelligence: Knowns and unknowns (pp. 230-257). New York: Oxford.

Regulating anger and sadness: An exploration of discrete emotions in emotion regulation

(2007)
Center Authors: Rivers, S. E., Brackett, M. A., Salovey, P.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/regulating-anger-and-sadness-an-exploration-of-discrete-emotions-in-emotion-regulation/

Do emotion regulation processes vary as a function of discrete emotions? Focusing on anger and sadness, this study examined: (a) the strategies that men and women use to regulate each emotion, (b) the extent to which strategies differ in their use and effectiveness, and (c) the relationship between effective regulation of these emotions and social functioning. The findings suggest that global approaches to studying emotion regulation may be limited and emphasize the importance of moving toward a discrete emotions framework.

Rivers, S. E., Brackett, M. A., Katulak, N. A., & Salovey, P. (2007). Regulating anger and sadness: An exploration of discrete emotions in emotion regulation. Journal of Happiness Studies, 8, 393-427. doi:10.1007/s10902-006-9017-2

Emotional intelligence predicts individual differences in social exchange reasoning

(2007)
Center Authors: Brackett, M. A., Salovey, P.
Topics:
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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/emotional-intelligence-predicts-individual-differences-in-social-exchange-reasoning/

We investigated whether a performance measure of EI is related to reasoning about social situations (specifically social exchange reasoning) using versions of the Wason Card Selection Task. The results are the first to directly suggest that EI is mediated in part by mechanisms supporting social reasoning and validate a new approach to investigating EI in terms of more basic information processing mechanisms.

Reis, D. L., Brackett, M. A., Shamosh, N. A., Kiehl, K. A., Salovey, P., & Gray, J. R. (2007). Emotional intelligence predicts individual differences  in social exchange reasoning. Neuro Image, 35, 1385-1391. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.12.045