The experiments discussed assessed the effects of mood on symptom appraisal, health behavior self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and perceptions of vulnerability. The authors argue that mood may be an important determinant of care seeking, adherence, and recovery from illness.
Salovey, P. & Birnbaum, D.(1989). Influence of mood on health-relevant cognitions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 539-551.
How to tame the green-eyed monster and understand yourself better
In this newspaper article, the author differentiates between the feelings of envy and jealousy, and describes the basic techniques people use for coping with these intense emotions: self-reliance and selective ignoring.
Salovey, P. (1989, May). How to tame the green-eyed monster and understand yourself better. Privileged Information, 7-8.
The chapter summarizes the literature on health psychology and highlights further utility of an approach that emphasizes process models and interactions among variables: dispositional, cognitive, social environment and sociocultural. The authors also review specific behaviors that influence health and illness.
Rodin, J. & Salovey, P. (1989). Health psychology. Annual Review of Psychology, 40, 533-579. doi:10.1146/annurev.ps.40.020189.002533
People who are adept at self-regulation of mood can pull themselves out of sad moods faster. This brief newspaper article argues for the higher self-awareness of one’s mood and mood self-regulation as a means to improve one’s health.
Salovey, P. (1990, April). To improve your health monitor your moods. Health Confidential, 5.
Book review: White bears and other unwanted thoughts
In this book review, the authors argue that the issue of mental control raised by Dan Wegner’s book is very timely, and the thought suppression strategy to regulate unwanted thoughts may not be the most effective and adaptive one.
Salovey, P., & Niedenthal, P.M. (1990). Book review: White bears and other unwanted thoughts. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 10, 101-103.
This seminal article became the hallmark of the emotional intelligence theory. The authors introduce the framework for EI, a set of skills hypothesized to contribute to the accurate appraisal and expression of emotion in oneself and in others, the effective regulation of emotion in self and others, and the use of feelings to motivate, plan, and achieve in one’s life.
Salovey, P. & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 9, 185-211. doi:0.2190/DUGG-P24E-52WK-6CDG
The efficacy of cognitive-behavior therapy and writing process training for alleviating writing anxiety
The study assessed the efficacy of CBT and writing process training for alleviating writing anxiety: both the combination and the writing process only treatments resulted in improvement on several self-report measures as compared with the no-treatment control group.
Salovey, P. & Haar, M. D. (1990). The efficacy of cognitive-behavior therapy and writing process training for alleviating writing anxiety. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 515-528. doi:10.1007/BF01172971
Perceiving affective content in ambiguous visual stimuli: A component of emotional intelligence
This study reports on one aspect of emotional intelligence, the ability to recognize the consensually agreed upon emotional qualities of objects in the environment. The general ability to perceive consensual emotional content in visual stimuli was found.
Mayer, J. D., DiPaolo, M., & Salovey, P. (1990). Perceiving affective content in ambiguous visual stimuli: A component of emotional intelligence. Journal of Personality Assessment, 54, 772-781. doi:10.1080/00223891.1990.9674037
Influence of mood on judgments about health and illness
Argues that the role of moods on judgments about health and illness are of special importance. Presents evidence that people in a depressed mood are likely to report more severe and frequent physical symptoms and more discomfort than do happy subjects, and are less likely to believe in their own ability to engage in efficacious health-related behaviors. These judgmental biases are explained in terms of three possible mediating mechanisms: mood-congruent memory, mood-dependent attention, and direct mood effects on physiological and immune processes.
Salovey, P., O’Leary, A., Stretton, M. S., Fishkin, S. A., & Drake, C. A. (1991). Influence of mood on judgments about health and illness. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Emotion and social judgments (pp. 241-262). Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Mood and helping: Mood as a motivator of helping and helping as a regulator of mood
Describes the ways in which moods motivate helping and how helping subsequently serves to regulate moods. Reviews the literature on how positive and negative moods motivate helping and discusses possible mechanisms by which moods exert their influence on helping. Speculates about the role that long-range affective regulation may play in understanding traditional “cold” motives for helping.
Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., & Rosenhan, D. L. (1991). Mood and helping: Mood as a motivator of helping and helping as a regulator of mood. In M.S. Clark (Ed.), Prosocial behavior. Review of personality and social psychology (Vol. 12) (pp. 215-237). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
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