This chapter discusses common sources of bias in clinical judgement.
Turk, D. C., & Salovey, P. (1986). Clinical information processing: Bias inoculation. In R. E. Ingram (Ed.), Information processing approaches to clinical psychology (pp. 305-323). Orlando: Academic Press.
Three ways to look at jealousy. [Review of N. Friday, Jealousy.]
This study investigated the implicit models of illness (i.e., the dimensional structure that organizes an individual’s common-sense illness schema). Factor analysis revealed a 4-dimensional structure of illnesses composed of Seriousness, Personal Responsibility, Controllability, and Changeability. The dimensions identified seemed to be both personally and psychologically meaningful.
Turk, D. C., Rudy, T. E., & Salovey, P. (1986). Implicit models of illness. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 9, 453-473. doi: 10.1007/BF00845133
The differentiation of social-comparison jealousy and romantic jealousy
This study investigated the differences between social-comparison jealousy and romantic jealousy. Findings support a view that sees more value in differentiating situations that evoke jealousy than in attempting to differentiate the experience of jealousy vs envy.
Salovey, P., & Rodin, J. (1986). The differentiation of social-comparison jealousy and romantic jealousy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 1100-1112. doi: 10.1037/0022-35126.96.36.1990
False hopes and desperate cures. [Review of E.S. Valenstein, Great and Desperate Cures.]
The structure of attitudes toward health-protective behaviors (HPBs), the reported performance of HPBs, and the consistency between attitudes and self-reported behaviors in this domain were examined in a group of health care providers (RNs) and non-providers (college students and public school teachers).
Salovey, P., Rudy, T. E., & Turk, C. (1987). Preaching and practicing: The structure and consistency of health-protective attitudes and behaviors. Health Education Research, 2, 195-205. doi:10.1093/her/2.3.195
This newspaper article presents the feeling of jealousy as a normal human emotion, which doesn’t necessarily signify weakness, moral failure, low self-esteem, psychological problems or any of the other negatives attributed to it.
Salovey, P. (1988, February 29). All about jealousy. Bottom Line Personal, 9-10.
In this chapter, the authors discuss the influence of affect on the memory, judgment, and behavior of clinicians.
Turk, D. C., & Salovey, P. (1988). Some effects of mood on clinicians’ memory. In D. C. Turk & P. Salovey (Eds.), Reasoning, inference, and judgment in clinical psychology (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Free Press.
Personality moderates the interaction of mood and cognition
In this chapter, the authors review literature concerning the cognitive and behavioral consequences of mood, and try to understand the relations among personality, cognition, and affect.
Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1988). Personality moderates the interaction of mood and cognition. In K. Fiedler & J. Forgas (Eds.), Affect, cognition and social behavior: New evidence and integrative attemps (pp. 87-99). Toronto: C.J. Hogrefe
Mood and memory: Evaluating the network theory of affect
The paper reviews the empirical literature that addresses the distinct ways in which mood can have an observable effect on memory within the framework of Bower’s Network Theory of Affect. Each prediction is supported, although congruency during learning yields the most consistent findings.
Singer, J.A., & Salovey, P.(1988). Mood and memory: Evaluating the network theory of affect. Clinical Psychology Review, 8, 211-251. doi:10.1016/0272-7358(88)90060-8
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