Publication: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

Casting health messages in terms of responsibility for dietary change: Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption

(2004)
Center Authors: Elbertson, N. A., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/casting-health-messages-terms-responsibility-dietary-change-increasing-fruit-vegetable-consumption/

This study compared the effectiveness of messages emphasizing the importance of either personal or social responsibility for dietary behavior change in increasing fruit and vegetable intake. As a result, both types of messages as part of this minimal intervention increased intake substantially.

Williams-Piehota, P., Cox, A., Silvera, S. N., Mowad, L., Garcia, S., Elbertson, N. A., & Salovey. P (2004). Casting health messages in terms of responsibility for dietary change: Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 36, 114-120. doi:10.1016/S1499-4046(06)60146-2.

Tailoring messages to individual differences in monitoring-blunting styles to increase fruit and vegetable intake

(2009)
Center Authors: Latimer, A. E., Elbertson, N. A., Salovey, P.

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http://ei.yale.edu/publication/tailoring-messages-to-individual-differences-in-monitoring-blunting-styles-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-intake/

This study included a brief telephone-delivered message and 3 mailings of booklets and promotional items encouraging fruit and vegetable intake, to examine whether messages matched to individuals’ monitoring-blunting coping styles (MBCS) are more effective in increasing fruit and vegetable intake than mismatched messages. MBCS refers to the tendency to either attend to and amplify, or distract oneself from and minimize threatening information. Results indicate that these minimal interventions influenced fruit and vegetable intake. MBCS may be a promising target for developing tailored messages aimed at increasing intake, although additional research is needed to verify the robustness of these findings.

Williams-Piehota, P., Latimer, A. E., Elbertson, N. A., Cox, A., Silvera, S. A., Mowad, L., & Salovey, P. (2009). Tailoring messages to individual differences in monitoring-blunting styles to increase fruit and vegetable intake. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 41, 398-405. doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2008.06.006